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failed state:
A dysfunctional or non-functional nation state with competing politial factions competing within its own borders or which has no functioniong government above the very local level.

The descent to the earth's surface of particles contaminated with radioactive material from a radioactive cloud. The term can also be applied to the contaminated particulate matter itself.

Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional Puertorriqueña, translated into English: Armed Forces of National Liberation, a clandestine paramiliary organization adocating complete independence for Puerto Rica. Though defunct now, it was reportedly responsible for more than 12 bomb attacks on US targets between 1974 and 1983.

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia.

"Conquest by means of jihad." Political organization created in the 1960's and led by Yasser Arafat. With both a military and intelligence wing, it has carried out terrorist attacks on Israel since 1965. It joined the PLO in 1968. Since September 11, 2001, the Fatah was blamed for attempting to smuggle 50 tons of weapons into Israel.


A legal ruling regarding Islamic Law.


Fedayeen Saddam:
Iraq's paramilitary organization said to be an equivalent to the Nazi's "SS". The militia is loyal to Saddam Hussein and are responsible for using brutality on civilians who are not loyal to the policies of Saddam. They do not dress in uniform.


Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI):
A federal agency -- part of the Justice Department -- which is responsible for domestic law enforcement.


France joined Russia in rejecting the United States' resolution regarding Iraq and weapons of mass destruction. Going a step further than rejecting the resolution, the French officials attempted to persuade other countries to reject it. Americans began a spontaneous boycott of French products and even changed the name of french fries to "freedom fries."

No stranger to terrorism itself, France has been the target of attacks. In October 2002, terrorists attacked a French oil tanker off the coast of Yemen. French intelligence agents arrested 8 suspects in connection with an attack on a Tunisian synagogue which killed 19 people, and in November of the same year, agents arrested 6 Islamists in connection with "Shoe Bomber" Richard Reid's plan to blow up an airliner with explosives hidden in his shoes.

In March, 2003, France introduced a terrorism alert system, Vigipirate, a national warning system with four color-coded levels from yellow to scarlet.


Conservative religious authoritarianism. Fundamentalism is not specific to Islam; it exists in all faiths. Characteristics include literal interpretation of scriptures and a strict adherence to traditional doctrines and practices.

© Michelle Anderson 2001-2016